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Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge (Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association Board of Directors, November 12, 2002).
According to the Neuhaus Education Center (2016), An individual with dyslexia usually has several, not just one or two, of the characteristics listed below. These characteristics usually persist over time and interfere with his or her learning. If your child is having difficulties learning to read and you have noted several of these characteristics in your child, he or she may need to be evaluated for dyslexia and/or a related disorder.
Interesting Facts about Dyslexia
Mild to Moderate Dyslexia
Types of Dyslexia
Good books for more information
Reading David: A Mother and Son’s Journey Through the Labyrinth of Dyslexia by Lissa Weinstein, PhD.
Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-Based Program for Reading Problems at Any Level by Sally Shaywits, M.D.
The Many Faces of Dyslexia by Margaret Byrd Rawson
Different Is Not Bad. Different Is the World by Sally L. Smith
The Worst Speller in Junior High by Caroline Janover
Josh: A Boy with Dyslexia by Caroline Janover
How Dyslexic Benny Became a Star: A story of Hope for Dyslexic Children and Their Parents by Joe Griffith
My Name is Brain/Brian by Jeanne Betancourt
What is Dyslexia
The Power of Dyslexia about Famous Dyslexics
Dyslexia for a Day - Reading
Difficulty with oral language
Difficulty with written language
Team Leader Profile
Maricela Guerrero joined Dickinson ISD in 2002 as a bilingual teacher. She became an Academic Coach in 2006 and began working with dyslexic students in 2007. She then became the district dyslexia specialist and team leader in 2019.
Maricela graduated from the University of Houston with a bachelor’s degree in Psychology. Her background includes working in the career development department and legal department at Enron as a coordinator and paralegal prior to becoming a teacher.
Her goal for her team is to provide multi-sensory instruction, intervention, support, and student advocacy thereby providing the keys to unlock the potential of every student.
Dyslexia Staff Photo Collage
(please refer to list under the Dyslexia Defined tab)
Dickinson ISD has invested significant resources of time, energy and money into bringing the best training to our Dyslexia Interventionists. We advocate following the Texas Dyslexia Handbook by providing the 8 critical evidence-based components and 6 methods of delivery of instruction (aka 8 X 6).
We advocate the use of the following methodologies:
- Neuhaus Education Center
- Reading by Design (ESC Region 4)
8 Critical, Evidence-Based Components
6 Methods of Delivery of Instruction
1. Phonological Awareness
(internal sound structure of words)
1. Simultaneous, Multisensory
(uses all pathways to the brain VAKT)
2. Sound-symbol Association
2. Systematic and Cumulative
(material follows the order of language)
(6 syllable types)
3. Explicit Instruction
(involves direct instruction that explicitly teaches each concept and leaves nothing to discovery)
(written spelling patterns and rules)
4. Diagnostic Teaching to Automaticity
(Using continual assessment to teach to mastery and automaticity)
(study of how morphemes are combined to form words
5. Synthetic Instruction
(how parts work to form whole)
(grammar, sentence variation, mechanics of language)
6. Analytic Instruction
(breaks whole into parts)
7. Reading Comprehension
(extracting and constructing meaning from text)
8. Reading Fluency
(ability to read with sufficient speed and accuracy to comprehend)
Important Texas Links:
Important National Links:
Learning Ally App (Parent Instructions)
Learning Disabilities Online
National Center for Learning Disabilities
Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic (books on tape)
Ways to Help:
DISD Dyslexia Department
All children deserve the opportunity to read and write with success.
Our mission is to uncover and illuminate the strengths of students with dyslexia. Dyslexia Specialists will provide an Orton-Gillingham research-based approach to support academic growth in literacy.
Our Beliefs about:
Students... We believe that through the use of Orton Gillingham instruction, we provide multi-sensory instruction, intervention, support, and advocate on students’ behalf; therefore, providing the keys to unlock the potential of every student.
Parents...We believe in a support system for parents by providing quality training on characteristics of dyslexia, identification, effective teaching strategies, II qualifications, information on accommodations and modifications, and resources to facilitate their child’s academic growth.
Staff...We believe in educating teachers by disseminating information and offering practical advice on the characteristics of dyslexic students, identification of dyslexic students, effective, multisensory strategies for teaching students with dyslexia, and the accommodations needed for success in the classroom.
Dyslexia Specialists...We believe in fostering a sense of community among the department through ongoing communication and professional development.
Community...We believe that educating the citizens of Dickinson about dyslexia will promote an informed and supportive community.
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