Dyslexia

Primary reading and spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading real words in isolation
  • Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense words
  • Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading (lack of reading fluency)
  • Difficulty with learning to spell

Texas Education Code 38.003


Interesting Facts about Dyslexia

  • More than 25 million Americans struggle with dyslexia
  • One in twenty children have a severe case of dyslexia
  • One in five has a milder case of dyslexia
  • It is estimated that 80% of those with dyslexia have a co-existing attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD)


Severe Dyslexia

  • Permanent type of dyslexia that improves little with age
  • Found in 3-5% of the population
  • Family History
  • Intensive early training can raise most to a reading level between 4th and 6th
  • Spelling skills rarely rise over 4th grade


Mild to Moderate Dyslexia

  • With proper intervention can seem to diminish as a person matures
  • 12-14% of school population
  • Equal ratio- boys to girls
    • More identification in boys (4:1)
  • Family History


Types of Dyslexia

  • Surface dyslexia- visual interpretation of printed symbols
    • Most easily diagnosed
    • Has nothing to do with visual acuity
    • Information is “scrambled in the language portion of the left side of the brain
    • Reversals, transpositions, inversions, mirror images, and scrambled sequences
  • Dysphonetic dyslexia- inablitlity to hear separate sounds within spoken language
    • Cortex does not process speech sounds accurately
    • Sounds do not register
    • Use of similar sounding words
    • Chunks of message are left out
    • Blocks development of spelling
    • “Tone deafness
  • Dysgraphia- poor graphmotor or writing ability
    • Awkward control of the pencil
    • Cramped or illegible handwriting
    • Many suffer from hand cramps
    • Handwriting gets more illegible the longer they write
    • Appears to draw the letters
  • Mixed



Good books for more information

Parents
Reading David: A Mother and Son’s Journey Through the Labyrinth of Dyslexia by Lissa Weinstein, PhD.

Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-Based Program for Reading Problems at Any Level by Sally Shaywits, M.D.

The Many Faces of Dyslexia by Margaret Byrd Rawson

Children/Students
Different Is Not Bad. Different Is the World by Sally L. Smith

The Worst Speller in Junior High by Caroline Janover

Josh: A Boy with Dyslexia by Caroline Janover

How Dyslexic Benny Became a Star: A story of Hope for Dyslexic Children and Their Parents by Joe Griffith

My Name is Brain/Brian by Jeanne Betancourt

Straight Talk About Reading: How Parents Can Make a Difference During the Early Years by Louisa Moats

Dyslexia Handbook Presentation

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