Primary reading and spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading real words in isolation
  • Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense words
  • Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading (lack of reading fluency)
  • Difficulty with learning to spell

Texas Education Code 38.003

Interesting Facts about Dyslexia

  • More than 25 million Americans struggle with dyslexia
  • One in twenty children have a severe case of dyslexia
  • One in five has a milder case of dyslexia
  • It is estimated that 80% of those with dyslexia have a co-existing attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD)

Severe Dyslexia

  • Permanent type of dyslexia that improves little with age
  • Found in 3-5% of the population
  • Family History
  • Intensive early training can raise most to a reading level between 4th and 6th
  • Spelling skills rarely rise over 4th grade

Mild to Moderate Dyslexia

  • With proper intervention can seem to diminish as a person matures
  • 12-14% of school population
  • Equal ratio- boys to girls
    • More identification in boys (4:1)
  • Family History

Types of Dyslexia

  • Surface dyslexia- visual interpretation of printed symbols
    • Most easily diagnosed
    • Has nothing to do with visual acuity
    • Information is “scrambled in the language portion of the left side of the brain
    • Reversals, transpositions, inversions, mirror images, and scrambled sequences
  • Dysphonetic dyslexia- inablitlity to hear separate sounds within spoken language
    • Cortex does not process speech sounds accurately
    • Sounds do not register
    • Use of similar sounding words
    • Chunks of message are left out
    • Blocks development of spelling
    • “Tone deafness
  • Dysgraphia- poor graphmotor or writing ability
    • Awkward control of the pencil
    • Cramped or illegible handwriting
    • Many suffer from hand cramps
    • Handwriting gets more illegible the longer they write
    • Appears to draw the letters
  • Mixed

Good books for more information

Reading David: A Mother and Son’s Journey Through the Labyrinth of Dyslexia by Lissa Weinstein, PhD.

Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-Based Program for Reading Problems at Any Level by Sally Shaywits, M.D.

The Many Faces of Dyslexia by Margaret Byrd Rawson

Different Is Not Bad. Different Is the World by Sally L. Smith

The Worst Speller in Junior High by Caroline Janover

Josh: A Boy with Dyslexia by Caroline Janover

How Dyslexic Benny Became a Star: A story of Hope for Dyslexic Children and Their Parents by Joe Griffith

My Name is Brain/Brian by Jeanne Betancourt

Straight Talk About Reading: How Parents Can Make a Difference During the Early Years by Louisa Moats

Dyslexia Handbook Presentation

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